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Molecular Biology jobs and careers

Molecular Biology is the study of the structure, composition and interactions of cellular molecules in living organisms, including the Biological Processes essential for the cell’s function and the relationship between DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis.

Why consider a career in Molecular Biology?

Molecular Biologists research and experiment with the functions and biological laws of living cells. Molecular biologists look to isolate and purify components of the cell such as proteins and DNA which helps understand and conclude its function by identifying specific patterns in biological materials.

The work of a Molecular Biologist can be applied to a wide range of fields and applications, making it a very appealing career path. These range from drug discovery, genetic modification of crops, cell and gene therapy and production of cell-based clean meat which would reduce antibiotic presence in the food chain.  

Working within this sector is very rewarding as you have the potential to significantly impact the wellbeing of humans, animals and the environment. 

What a job or career in Molecular Biology may entail…

The work of a Molecular Biologist is often split between a laboratory, carrying out scientific experiments using techniques such as DNA cloning, Polymerase Chain Reaction, gel electrophoresis, molecular hybridization and mutagenesis, whereas the other time is spent analysing and interpreting biological data. 
A career in molecular biology is appealing, as the future job prospects in the industry are increasing at an exponential rate. 

Typical role titles include

Biomedical Engineer
Bioprocessing Engineer
Clinical Laboratory Technician
Clinical Research Specialist
Food Scientist
Forensic Scientist
Materials Scientist
Molecular Biologist/Scientist
QC Scientist

Career progression example

Research Scientist
Molecular Scientist
Senior Scientist
Principal Scientist
R&D Manager
R&D Director
Chief Scientific Officer (CSO)

Salary Benchmarks
Research Engineers/Junior Scientist with a PhD or Masters in Molecular Biology earn between £33 - £42k.
At the mid-experience-level, Molecular Scientists normally earn between £40k - £50K. Seniors to Principal Scientists normally earn between £50k - £65K.

Is it right for me? The skills it takes...
The following technologies and skills often appear on job descriptions;

PhD or Masters degree in Molecular Biology or Microbiology, PCR, qPCR, protein characterisation, Cell culture, Cell transfection, immunoassays, DNA sequencing, Molecular cloning techniques and RNA. 

What qualifications does it take?
A PhD or Masters degree in Molecular Biology or Microbiology is usually essential, and quite often research work within a specialised field with molecular biology is desirable. 


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  • 14th Dec

    Research Scientist

    — Genetic Bioscience innovator

    Bristol, UK
    £35,000 - £42,000
      Highly successful and fast-growing Bioscience innovator. Pioneering techniques within their field. An opportunity to make a significant impact. This is opportunity for a Research Scientist  to be part of a rapidly growing research and development focused on microbiome modulation and bacterial control using highly innovative genome editing techniques. The post holder will work as part of a team in Bristol, dedicated to improving existing and new products. It is expected candidates will be highly accomplished molecular biologists with abundant experience in areas such as DNA assembly, molecular cloning and the engineering of bacterial genomes and large plasmids. What you'll be doing:     Play a pivotal role in the design, construction, and testing of new candidate products as part of the research team. Quickly generate high-quality and insightful data, information and reports that are effectively communicated to the rest of the team and line/senior management. Contribute to the design and delivery of technical strategies and project plans that deliver improvements with time and resource estimates. Interact with Development, Analytical and QC teams to ensure achievement of the company’s overall requirements. What experience you’ll need to apply?     Highly proficient in microbial molecular biology or Synthetic Biology, with expertise in either CRISPR-Cas systems and their application in bacteria or knowledge of DNA delivery mechanisms (both would be ideal). PhD qualified within a similar subject field. Evidence of excellent problem-solving capabilities and analytical skills. Potential to manage a small team, manage complex workstreams and excellent interpersonal skills. Any plasmid, gene transfer, recombineering, genome evolution, transposon or phage biology would be a bonus. Additionally, understanding of the food value chain Farm to Fork would also be desirable but not essential. What you’ll get in return for your experience: Help contribute towards truly pioneering techniques, working on the key development of exciting products alongside a brilliant team of scientists. You’ll have the opportunity to also develop your career in a high-quality facility with links to a top 10 UK University. What’s next: Send your CV and we’ll get back to you shortly.  


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